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Region of Hawaii Island

 

Region of Hawaii Island
Cities/Town :
Region : Hawaii Island
State : Hawaii
Country : United States
Continent : North America
Population : 185,079
Area : 10,432 sq km
Latitude : 19°34′N
Longitude : 155°30′W
Visiting Hawaii Island

from Wikitravel

The island of Hawai'i comprises over half of the area of the state of Hawaii in the United States of America. To avoid confusion with the state, it is almost universally called the Big Island. It has the most active volcano in the world, located in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, as well as the largest mountain in the world in volume (Mauna Loa) and the tallest mountain in the world as measured from its base on the sea floor to its peak (Mauna Kea).

REGIONS OF THE BIG ISLAND OF HAWAII

  • East Hawaii - Generally referred to as just Hilo, as that is the major city. This Windward side of the island has so much more precipitation than the Kona side, that as you travel across the terrain goes from black with dry brown patches to open fields grazed by horses and donkeys to planted eucalyptus forest to lush tropical vegetation and rainforest. Here you can see many waterfalls, walk through rainforest and enjoy the land.
  • West Hawaii - or (Kailua) Kona, Leeward side of the island, warm with much less precipitation, more ocean based attractions. However, you will not find large beaches on this island, or massive waves. Good for beginner surfing, snorkelling, paddling, ocean swimming, Hawai'ian outrigger canoe trips and scuba diving, as well as whale and dolphin watching!
  • Kohala - the Northwest Part of the Island, is a vast green area artificially landscaped and including gorgeous golf clubs and resorts that most of us only dream of. There are many options for hotels, resorts and rental properties here that are convenient to the attractions nearby in Kona and Kailua Kona. The contrast between the green, watered at night with sprinklers, and the black volcanic surface of this area is a sight to behold.
  • Hamakua - East side of the island North of Hilo is covered with gently rolling hills, spotted with smooth-old volcano tops, and terminates rather majestically in gallant cliffs over which spill dozens of tall thin waterfalls. These are seen best from the water which is quite rough, so a helicopter ride is the best way to see this awe inspiring sight. The Waipi'o Valley overlook and the valley itself are truly special. If you are able, a day hike into the valley on foot or on horseback to see the amazing black beach are highly recommended!
  • Puna - East side of the island South of Hilo, where the volcano is currently erupting (2013). You can walk on the black crust of newly volcano-formed earth and if you walk long enough you can see it pouring into the sea as a red-hot falls steaming on contact with the ever-rolling waves. (Absolutely incredible, but a challenging hike)
  • Ka'u - the South part of the Island is much less visited, but progress on this has been rapid in the last years, as after the demise of sugar and coffee, tourism is the biggest part of their economy.
CITIES OF THE BIG ISLAND
  • Hilo -- On the east coast, Hilo is the capital and largest city of the Big Island. Home base for trips to the Amazing Botanical Gardens and several impressive waterfalls. The town is also surprisingly diverse with cute old architecture.
  • Kailua-Kona -- The main town on the west coast, more of a continuous strip of tourist-providers: eateries, fancy shops and hotels.
  • Honokaa
  • Holualoa
  • Naalehu - the southernmost town in the United States, beating Key West by a mere 91 miles.
  • Pahoa
  • Volcano Village - At the entrance to Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
  • Waikoloa - Resort area of South Kohala district, artificially landscaped, on top of black volcanic ground, and fully contained with shopping centers and golf courses included.
  • Waimea - Ranch town in the north part of the Island. Home to the Parker Ranch.

OTHER DESTINATIONS - PARKS, HISTORICAL SITES etc
  • Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail
  • Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
  • Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
  • Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park
  • Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site


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